Atopic dermatitis, or eczema, occurs when an itchy, irritated rash appears on some area of the skin.
Depending on how severe a rash is, there are several different options for how to treat atopic dermatitis.
The affected area of the skin will usually be drier than the surrounding area, so moisturizing properly is one of the main eczema treatments that can be recommended.
If a person’s atopic dermatitis is more severe, there are also special topical ointments and creams that can be prescribed by a professional physician, or healthcare provider.
If the skin becomes scaly, inflamed, or thickened then it is recommended that a person should go to his or her doctor in order to get a proper prescription in order to treat the atopic dermatitis.
The sooner a person gets medical attention, the less likely it will be that his or her atopic dermatitis will become worse.
Things a patient can do at home include regular moisturizing of the skin, avoiding irritants or allergens, avoiding the sun and keeping stress levels to a low.
To keep the skin moisturized a person can use a cream or topical ointment and remember to take baths in warm water, instead of hot water.
Avoiding irritants and allergens will help the eczema heal faster. Scratchy clothes or bedding and strong perfumes are only a few of the things that people should be careful of in regards to their atopic dermatitis.
Being in the sun for prolonged periods of time may also lead to sunburn which will only worsen the atopic dermatitis, so it is best to keep sun exposure to a minimum. Sweat may also irritate the affected area. When choosing a sunscreen it is best to choose one that is meant for people with sensitive skin.
If it is possible, a person with atopic dermatitis should also try to maintain the amount they itch at the affected area, which one can do by keeping fingernails trimmed and smooth or using protective dressings around the area.
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