Gum Disease Treatment Options
Gum disease, also referred to as periodontal disease, is caused when the tissue and bones surrounding the teeth become swollen and infected. The two stages of gum disease are known as gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease in which the gums become swollen, red, and bleed easily during routine brushing and flossing. If treatment is not given, symptoms eventually worsen and turn into periodontitis, which causes the gums to pull away from the teeth. As a result, bacteria begins to form inside deep pockets around the teeth, which in turn causes damage to bones supporting the teeth. If left untreated, teeth eventually become loose, fall out, or need to be pulled out by a dentist.
Healthy gums are pink and firm in appearance; however, when periodontal disease is present, there will be symptoms such as: swollen, red gums that can become tender; bleeding gums during routine brushing and flossing; gums that begin to pull away from the teeth; a change in the alignment of your teeth; or loose teeth that may even fall out.