Oral cancer, also known as oral cancer, is a type of head and neck cancer that is the growth of any cancerous tissue in the mouth.
It can be a primary lesion caused by any tissue in the mouth, transferred from a distant source, or from an adjacent anatomical structure, such as the nasal cavity.Alternatively, metastatic roral cancer may originate from any tissue in the mouth and may have a variety of histological types: malformations, adenocarcinoma, salivary adenocarcinoma, lymphoma of the tonsil or other lymphoid tissue, or melanoma resulting from oral mucosa. There are several types of metastatic oral cancer, but about 90 percent are squamous cell cancers that originate in the tissues of the mouth and lips. Oral cancer or oral cancer is most commonly found on the tongue.It can also occur on the floor of the mouth, cheek, gum (gum), lips or palate (top of the mouth). Most metastatic oral cancers look very similar under the microscope, known as squamous cell carcinoma, but less common are other types of oral cancers, such as kaposi’s sarcoma.
A large squamous cell carcinoma is seen on CT images
Histopathological appearance of a differentiated squamous cell carcinoma specimen. Early diagnosis of oral cancer patients will reduce mortality and help improve treatment. Oral surgeons and dentists can diagnose these patients early. Health care providers, dentists and oral surgeons should be highly knowledgeable and aware, which will help them provide better diagnoses for oral cancer patients. An examination of the mouth by a health care provider, dentist, or oral surgeon shows visible or visible (and perceptible) damage to the lips, tongue, or other oral area. The lingual/ventral side is the most common site of SCC in the mouth.As tumors grow, they can become ulcers and bleed. Speech/conversation difficulties, chewing problems, or swallowing difficulties may develop. Feeding tubes are often necessary to maintain adequate nutrition.This can sometimes become permanent, as the difficulty of eating involves not being able to swallow even a single mouthful of water. Doctors can schedule special investigations, including chest x-rays, CT or MRI scans, and tissue biopsies.
Hematoxylin and eosin stain.While dentists, doctors, or other health professionals may suspect that a particular disease is malignant, there’s no way to tell by looking at it alone – because benign and malignant lesions can be exactly the same as the eye. A non-invasive brush biopsy (brushing) can rule out cancers in areas with developmental deficiencies (pre-cancerous) and mouth that show unexplained color changes or damage. The only way to determine the presence of cancer or precancerous cells is through biopsy and microscopic evaluation of the removed sample cells. Histological biopsies, whether from the tongue or other oral tissues, as well as microscopic examination of lesions, confirm the diagnosis of oral cancer or precancerous lesions.
Oral cancer treatment
If you are diagnosed with oral cancer, your doctor will discuss the best options for treating it.It depends on several factors, including the type and stage of the cancer and your overall health.
Your treatment for oral cancer will be tailored to your specific needs.One or more treatments can be recommended to treat cancer or help relieve symptoms.