Allergies are one of the most common chronic diseases. This chronic disease usually lasts for a long time or attacks often. Allergies occur when the body’s immune system finds that a substance is harmful and then the immune system overreacts to it. The substance that causes an allergic reaction is called an allergen. When someone is allergic, their immune system produces an antibody called immunoglobulin E (IgE). These antibodies will respond to allergies. And these symptoms are called allergic reactions.
The best way to prevent an allergic reaction is to avoid your allergens. Learning to avoid your allergens is key to managing your allergic reaction. Find out how to avoid these common allergens:
Dust mites, a close relative of locusts and spiders, are creatures that look like spiders. Dust mites are too small to be seen with the naked eye. They feed on human skin dandruff. The body parts and feces of dust mites are considered to be allergens. In most people’s homes, bedding, upholstered furniture and carpets provide the ideal environment for dust mites.
Mold is common both outdoors and indoors. Outdoors, many molds live in the soil, or on leaves, wood and other plant debris. Indoors, they can be in a wet basement, near a leaky faucet or pipe, or in a wet shower or bathtub. When there is moisture, the mold can grow on almost anything.
Pet urine, feces, saliva, hair or dander (dander) are allergens. However, you may don’t have to be exposed to allergens at home with pets or where pets have been raised to have allergic reaction. Animal allergens are usually found in places where animals do not live. Because maybe people who have been exposed to allergens will bring allergens to a place near you.
Pollen is one of the most common causes of seasonal allergies. Many people know that pollen allergy is “hay fever.” Experts often refer to pollen allergy as “seasonal allergic rhinitis.” Every spring, summer and autumn, plants release tiny pollen grains, which fertilize other plants of the same species. Pollen from trees, grass and weeds is a common allergen. These airborne particles usually peak in different seasons of the year, but they can stay in the home and air ducts within a year.
What Are the Symptoms of Allergies?
Allergic symptoms depend on the allergens involved. Allergies may affect your respiratory tract, sinuses and nasal passages, skin and digestive system. The most common allergic symptoms may make you feel uncomfortable. Allergic reactions can range from mild to severe. In some serious cases, allergies can trigger a life-threatening reaction called an anaphylaxis. Here are some common allergy symptoms.
Hay fever, also called allergic rhinitis, can cause Sneezing, Itching of the nose, eyes or roof of the mouth, Runny, stuffy nose, Watery, red or swollen eyes (conjunctivitis).
An insect sting allergy can cause a large area of swelling (edema) at the sting site, itching or hives all over the body, cough, chest tightness, wheezing or shortness of breath, anaphylaxis.