If changing your diet does not alleviate constipation then there are several medications that are available which may help.
Before purchasing any medication, you should talk with your doctor or a professional healthcare provider to discuss which treatment would be best for you and your condition.
Over-the-counter medicines are treatments that you can purchase without a prescription from a doctor. There are several types of over-the-counter medicines available to help alleviate constipation.
You can purchase a fiber supplement over-the-counter. These medications will encourage more movement in your bowels, but you should remember to drink plenty of fluids and water when taking them. Some people may experience bloating or pain in the stomach area when taking fiber supplements.
Some common fiber supplements include calcium polycarbophil, methylcellulose fiber, psyllium and wheat dextrin.
Another over-the-counter medication that you may want to consider is osmotic. An osmotic allows the stool to hold more fluid.
Verify and discuss with your doctor about whether osmotics are best for you if you are over 55, have a kidney disease, are dehydrated or are taking medication that affects the kidneys.
Stool softeners are also available for over-the-counter purchase and usually help after you’ve had surgery and need to avoid strain.
Stimulants are also available as an over-the-counter medication, but it is advised that they only are used if you have severe constipation and other drugs have not been working to treat it. Side effects of stimulants include low potassium levels.
Prescription medications are also available, but you should talk to your doctor or a professional healthcare provider before you decide on medication to treat your condition.
A doctor will be able to help choose which medication would be appropriate for your condition.
Most medications for constipation are available in pill form, but your doctor may suggest suppositories, which go into the rectum and allow for movement in the intestines.
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