Opdivo, or nivolumab, is an immunotherapy drug that treats non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Immunotherapy drugs help to allow the immune system to better recognize and kill cancer cells. Opdivo NSCLC treatments work by targeting and blocking the PD-1 protein found on T cells in the immune system. By doing this, the immune systems’ response to cancer cells is strengthened, which can lead to a shrinkage in tumour size or slow down the growth.
Dosage of Opdivo NSCLC Treatments
Immunotherapy drugs are usually given through an intravenous infusion, or through an IV. Opdivo is either given in a 240-milligram dose every two weeks or a 480-milligram dose every four weeks. Your doctor will be able to determine which dosage treatment you should receive.
Opdivo NSCLC Treatments and Side Effects
Side effects of Opdivo include problems with the lungs, intestines, liver, hormone gland, kidneys, skin, and inflammation of the brain. It may also cause other organ problems.
With regards to the lungs, Opdivo may cause chest pain, shortness of breath, or a cough this is either new or has become worse.
Additionally, intestinal side effects may include diarrhea, blood in the stool, or severe stomach pain. It is possible that this could also lead to holes or tears forming in the intestinal lining.
Liver problems from Opdivo NSCLC treatments could lead to severe nausea and vomiting, dark urine, pain in the right side of the abdomen, fatigue, drowsiness, and loss of appetite. It can also make the user more prone to bruising or bleeding.
Side effects of the hormonal gland include severe headaches, fatigue, dizziness, hair loss, constipation, and changes in mood and behaviour.
Further, Opdiva NSCLC treatments may lead to kidney failure, loss of appetite, blood in the urine, and a decrease in the amount of urine you produce.
Side effects of the skin include rashes, itching, or ulcers in the mouth.
Inflammation of the brain is also a side effect that can occur as a result of Opdivo NSCLC treatments. This may result in headaches, fatigue, confusion, memory loss, hallucinations, or seizures.
Other organ problems that may occur include pain in the muscles or joints, changes in eyesight, chest pain, or severe weakness of the muscles.
It is important to speak with your doctor before you decide to take Opdiva as a treatment. Together, you will be able to determine whether Opdivo NSCLC treatments would work best for you and your condition.
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